Oceanography and Civil Protection

Oceanography and Civil protection
Science - Block 2
Research Activity
The main research subjects of the laboratory are physical oceanography, climatology and disaster risk reduction and civil protection. The methodological approaches are multidisciplinary; next to research methods of the physical sciences and earth, socio-cultural approaches are also carried out.
Physics Oceanography and Climatology 
Disaster Risk Reduction and Civil Protection 
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Observation of physical oceanographic features
Direct measurements and analysis of the main variables that characterize the physical marine environment both in offshore and in coastal area (temperature, salinity, currents, waves)
Natural hazards, vulnerability and resilience
The historical approach in disaster management identifies the origin of disasters in the inadequacy of human infrastructures to withstand the stresses of extreme events. In such approach, prevention and mitigation measures are aimed at increasing both the control of natural processes, and strengthening the resistance of human infrastructure (the built environment).
Climatology and climate change on regional-local scale
In order to provide adaptation and mitigation actions of the effects of climate change on a local scale, it is important to have reliable projections on the expected changes, with particular attention to temperature and precipitation variations and their impact on the environment and on human activities (health, energy, agriculture, transportation, infrastructure, etc.). This line of research aims at increasing the understanding of the climatic conditions and the expected changes at the regional and local scale, possibly overcoming the considerable uncertainty shown by the results of climate models available for these scales.
Hazard and Risk Peception
The basic assumption of this line of research is that a specific population of Homo sapiens does not interact with all the different types of terrestrial environments, but with a limited number of them; the so-called "habitat.," Such habitats consists of a number of well-defined species and elements. Over time, various human groups have developed their own methods to better interact with their habitat. All these methods are transmitted within the group and passed down from one generation to the next through cultural mechanisms. The study of communities’ cultural traits help predict how they may face hazards and future disasters.
Relations between marine environment and marine ecosystems
The results of oceanographic measurements and numerical hydrodynamic simulations are coupled with observations of marine ecosystems to study the effects on the latter (for example regarding the transport of eggs and fish larvae, the development of anoxic phenomena, massive appearance of mucilage).
Adapting to climate change
The increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme events of weather-climate origin has made it necessary to develop research programs on adaptation strategies to Earth's climate changings. In this context, researchers at the lab, in addiction to the basic physics studies, are developing multidisciplinary investigations to evaluate the impact and adaptation of local populations to climate change.
Marine operational forecasting for the civil and environmental protection
The hydrodynamic models and wave motion are applied in an operational manner, in particular to the Adriatic Sea, both in the laboratory and in external research institutions aimed at providing a continuous short-term forecasts (typically 3 days) of particular marine hazards such as storms, coastal flooding, transport of pollutants, anoxia.
Emergency management (civil protection activities)
A further and recent research topic developed in the laboratory concerns more practical aspects of emergency management. The investigated assumption is the parallelism between the civil protection response and the functioning of complex natural systems; both systems are highly integrated, and work through a network of information and material flows, characterized by irreversible processes and non-equilibrium phenomena.
Prof. Fausto Marincioni con dirigenti di Protezione Civile
Numerical modelling of the marine environment
Application of numerical models for simulation of the marine environment in terms of circulation, level, waves, temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll, sediment transport.
Application of geographic information systems (GIS and DSS) in disaster risk reduction
The integration of GIS, GPS (Global Positioning System) and techniques for remote monitoring (remote sensing) offers numerous applications, both for the collection and rapid processing of data, and for the supply of maps and three-dimensional models (for example, land use changes or alteration of the drainage network) useful for the identification of hazards and natural risks.

The laboratory works directly with several national and international institutions (click to directly access to the web page)

National Service of the Civil Protection Regional Service of the Civil Protection
ARPA Marche -  ARPA Emilia-Romagna CNR (ISMAR) Institut
The National Fire Corp Marche Region
US Geological Survey (USA) State Forestry Corp
Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction (IRDR) presso l’University College of London (UK) Disaster Research Center (DRC) presso l’University of Delaware / Newark (USA)
Research Projects currently underway
Study to improve the definition of the expected climate change in this century on a local scale and the resulting expected impacts 
Innovative systems for monitoring and analysis of marine phenomena in coastal area
Quantitative study of the relationship between terrestrial input, marine circulation and successful recruitment of small pelagic fish in the Adriatic, aimed at the sustainable management of the resource Emergency planning activities for persons with disabilities, with the creation of an emergency plan in collaboration with the Santo Stefano Institute of Rehabilitation.
Study and modelling of behaviour of the survivors in the moments immediately following a disaster using cognitive maps Development of a system of early warning for landslides for the Marche Region
Resilience and risk reduction in connection with the UN Hyogo Framework for Action, to develop strategies for planning and emergency management The use of social networks in disaster risk reduction
Resilience and risk reduction in connection with the UN Hyogo Framework for Action, to develop strategies for planning and emergency management  
Dr. Alessandro Coluccelli
Tecnico cat. D
Fulvio Toseroni
Phd Student
Giandiego Carastro
Phd Student
Lorenzo Sangelantoni
Post Doc
Francesco Memmola
Phd Student
Cristina Casareale
Phd Student
Maria Teresa Carone
Post-Doctoral Fellow